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InsSciDE’s Security Objectives, under Maria Rentetzi (NTUA)

Europe faces unprecedented security threats including international terrorism, lack of energy connectivity, cyber terrorism, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The recent casualties in urban populations and in several European countries bring front and center the question of how to better secure Europe’s borders, while also revealing the existing shortcomings in information sharing.

Debate has opened on how to facilitate data exchange among EU member states as well as cross-border investigations, while a growing demand for personal data protection finds a response in enhanced European legislation. The principle of the free movement of people ensured by the Schengen Agreement has been under severe pressure as Europe faces one of the greatest migration crises in its history.

WP6 objectives are to:
• Analyze and reveal the practice of international (or transnational) policy-making and diplomacy, by Europe and its Member States, related to security issues with a clear technological component and which require information-sharing and data exchange.
• Investigate, and suggest ways to improve, cognitive, communicative and behavioral skills of practitioners – diplomats and scientists – involved in technology-based security diplomacy.
• Provide suggestions for a prospective European Science Diplomacy in the fields of migration and border management, of energy security in interrelation to nuclear science, and of nuclear safeguards systems.

Without doubt, addressing the challenges discussed at left requires a unified Europe. According to Jean-Claude Junker (2016), ’Europe needs a genuine Security Union... The only way to counter terrorism, organized crime, and cybercrime is to pool our resources and intelligence and to work together.’ Working together, however, involves endless negotiations, diplomatic acts, science experts, governmental and non-governmental actors, states or inter-state networks.

In short, an array of stakeholders, often with conflicting interests, need to work together and make policy decisions which are engage in equal measure also technological and scientific decisions. Such a perspective makes obvious that to advance the EU security interests, science has to work hand in hand with diplomacy.

WP6 uses methodological tools from sociology and history of science and technology to address the issues with three case studies.